Science from Murf .LLC
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy
Waves, Layers of the earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and
Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes,
Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami’s, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals,
Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary
Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
The Geology Topics Unit covers science topics associated Plate Tectonics, Layers of the earth, Plate Boundaries, Volcanoes,
Earthquakes, Faults and Folds, Rocks and Minerals, and the Rock Cycle. This unit includes a six part interactive and engaging
PowerPoint Presentation of 6,000+ slides with built-in class notes (Red Slides), lab activities, project ideas, discussion questions,
assessments (Quiz Wiz), and challenge questions with answers. Text is in large print (32 font) and is placed at the top of each slide
so it can be read from all angles of a classroom. Also included is a 18 page bundled homework package that chronologically follows
with the PowerPoint slideshow, as well as a 14 page modified assessment. 17 pages of class notes with images are also included
for students who require assistance, as well as answer keys to both assessments for support professionals, teachers, and home
school parents. 40+ Video links are provided and a slide within the slideshow cues teacher / parent when the videos are most
relevant to play. Video shorts usually range from 2-7 minutes. Six PowerPoint review games (125+slides each) are also included.
Answers to the review games are provided in PowerPoint form so students can self-assess. Lastly, several class games, as well as
flashcards are provided. Difficulty rating 7/10.
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of
the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types
of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale,
Seismograph, Tsunami’s, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock
Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
MS.PS3.3 (Apply principles to design and test a device that minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer).  
•        Students conduct a number of heat transfer hands-on and data collecting activities. Convection is describes and specific reference to plate movement
and currents within the mantle provided.  Conduction includes an activity that has students collect thermal energy transfer comparing the different of heat from
in a Styrofoam vs. Plastic cup.  Gummies bears that walk the plank is a really fun provided conduction activity.  Another activity explores radiation, collects
data, and graphs data using a bright lamp, gravel, and thermometer. Convection is addressed in the gravel activity and throughout.  A built-in quiz is also
provided.

MS.LS4.1 (Interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that show the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life throughout earth history.  This should
be under the assumption that natural laws operate today as they did in the past).  
•        Students see hundreds of visuals showing the diversity and changes in life throughout earth system history as they explore each unit of time.  
Uniformitarianism that the laws of nature don’t change over time is addressed throughout.  Changes and advancements in anatomical structures are
addressed throughout. Geological eras and names of species go beyond the boundary.

MS.ESS1.4 (Create an explanation based on evidence from rock layers for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth’s 4.6 billion year old history).  
•        The principle of superposition is described with visuals.  A neat activity uses playing cards and a large stack of books to show how life is generally less
complicated and older the deeper you travel down the layers.  Major events throughout earth history are described as well as boundary events (mass
extinctions).  Video links, visuals, fossil evidence, and much more are provided.

MS.ESS2.2 (Explain with evidence for how processes have changed Earth’s surface at varying time and spatial scales).  
•        Plate movement, mountain formation, faults, folds, earthquakes, volcanoes, and more are covered in detail.  Varying time scales are addressed
throughout.   Weathering, erosion, and ice ages are covered in the soil science unit.  Impact events are covered in the Astronomy Unit.

MS.ESS2.3 (Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor, to provide evidence of plate movement).  
Students learn about plate tectonics and continental drift.  Visuals of continental shapes matching, similar rock structures and fossil evidence on different
continents, and sea floor spreading are covered in detail with notes, visuals, video links, and review opportunities.  

MS.ESS2.1 (Create a model to describe the cycling of Earth’s materials and the flow of energy that drives the process).
•        Plate boundaries are described in detail.  Subduction zones are described in detail with step by step sketches, video links, and animations.  
Crystallization to form minerals and rocks is addressed in Parts IV, and V as is sedimentation.  Deformation of rock is described with faulting and folding.  
Student’s record class notes, answer questions, see animations, videos, and lots of built-in review.  Weathering / soil formation is covered in the soil science
unit.

MS.ESS3.1 (Explain based on evidence for how the uneven distribution of Earth’s mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and
current geoscience processes).
•        Slides throughout describe parts of this standard.

MS.ESS3.2 (Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their
effects).
•        This standard is with descriptions about how scientists use instruments to predict volcanic eruptions.  Emphasis is placed on how earthquakes are more
difficult to predict but by collecting data on earthquakes seismologists can make some predictions on when and how large the next one might be.  Many natural
hazards such as tornadoes, hurricanes, thunderstorms, blizzards, ice storms, microbursts and more are addressed in the weather unit.

HS.PS4.1 (Use mathematical representations to support a claim about relationship among the frequency, wavelength, and speed of waves traveling in various
media).
•        The speed of primary and secondary waves is addressed.  

HS.ESS1.1 (Evaluate evidence of the past and current movements of continental and oceanic crust and the theory of plate tectonics to explain the ages of
crustal rocks).
•        Textual slides, animations, visuals, video links, and much more address this standard.  A neat activity has students cutout provided pictures to recreate
sea floor spreading.  Important visuals and explanations are included.

HS.ESS1.6 (Apply scientific reasoning and evidence from ancient Earth materials, meteorites, and other planetary surfaces to construct an account of Earth’s
formation and early history).
•        This standard is covered in Part Earth System History.  Students also create a timeline on the floor using longs sheets of paper.  Directions and
information about the Precambrian Super Eon and included.  Video links, visuals, textual slides, and much more are provided.

HS.ESS1.6 (Develop a model to illustrate how Earth’s internal and surface processes operate at different spatial and temporal scales to form continental and
ocean floor features).
•        Plate boundaries and the features they create as a result of volcanism, tectonic uplift, orogeny, are described with visuals, animated slides, text, video
links, and more.  Destructive forces such as weathering and mass wasting are addressed in the Weathering, Soil Science, Ice-Ages and Glaciers Unit.

5.PS1.1. (Develop a model that matter is made of particles too small be seen). Particles are addressed in the mineral portion of this unit.

5.PS1.3. (Make observation and measurements to identify materials based on their properties).  This standard is addressed when students investigate
properties of minerals
Below are just a few of the typical standards that this unit addresses for those that are interested.  This unit does cover many topics / standards that are not
addressed below and much more.  

●Keep a journal record of observations, recognizing patterns, summarizing findings, and reflecting on the observations.

●Relate how geologic time is determined using various dating methods (e.g., radioactive decay, rock sequences, fossil records).

●Explain the theory of plate tectonics.

●Describe the movement of crustal plates and explain how the effects have altered the Earth’s features.

●Distinguish between the three categories of rocks (metamorphic, igneous and sedimentary) and describe the processes that create them.

●Explain how the Solar System formed from a giant cloud of gas and debris about 5 billion years ago.

●Describe and define the different landforms on the Earth’s surface, such as coastlines, rivers, mountains, deltas, canyons, etc.;

●Identify connections between fossil evidence and geological events, such as changes in atmospheric composition, movement of tectonic plates, and
asteroid/comet impact, and develop a means of sequencing this evidence.

●Describe rock as being composed of different combinations of minerals.

●Given information about Earth materials, explain how their characteristics lend themselves to specific uses

●Given certain Earth materials (soils, rocks, or minerals) use physical properties to sort, classify, and/or describe them.

●Recognize that vibrations in materials set up wavelike disturbances that spread away from the source, as with earthquakes.

●Identify minerals by their physical properties, such as color, texture and cleavage, and describe simple tests used in the identification process.

●Describe the layers of the Earth, including the core, mantle, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.

●Use geological evidence provided to support the idea that Earth’s crust/lithosphere is composed of plates that move.
Explain how fossils found in sedimentary rock can be used to support the theories of Earth’s evolution over geologic time; and describe how the folding,
breaking, and uplifting of the layers affects the evidence.

●Identify connections between fossil evidence and geological events, such as changes in atmospheric composition, movement of tectonic plates, and
asteroid/comet impact; and develop a means of sequencing this evidence.

●Explain how symmetry (or the lack of it) may determine properties of many objects, from molecules and crystals to organisms and designed structures.

●Understand that some form of science is used in most jobs/careers and that some jobs/careers specifically require knowledge of Earth science.

●Explain that large rocks can be broken down into smaller rocks.

●The Earth and Earth materials, as we know them today, have developed over long periods of time, through constant change processes.

●Recognize that solid rocks, soils, and water in its liquid and solid states can be found on the Earth’s surface.

●Use observable properties, such as color and texture, to classify and organize rocks and minerals.

●Describe rocks and soils in terms of their physical properties.

●Explain how soil is formed from combinations of weathered rock and decomposed plant and animal remains, and that it contains living organisms.

●Explain how sediments of sand and smaller particles, which may contain the remains of organisms, are gradually buried and cemented together by dissolved
minerals to form solid rock.

●Using data about a rock’s physical characteristics, make and support an inference about the rock’s history and connection to the rock cycle.

●Compare information about fossils to living organisms and other fossils to determine any similarities and differences.
Use a variety of tools and formats (oral presentations, journals, and multimedia presentations) to summarize and communicate the results of observations.

●Organize observations and data into tables, charts and graphs.
Chronologically follows the PowerPoint slideshow and unit notes for a fantastic review / assessment of learning.
This is a fantastic earth science unit that
covers plate tectonics, layers of the earth,
heat transfer, plate boundaries, volcanoes,
earthquakes, faults, folds, minerals, rocks, the
rock cycle and much more. It's not always
possible to take your class into the field to see
great examples of geologic features.  This unit
does a great job of bringing those experiences
into the classroom. A homework bundle, unit
notes, fill-in notes, and PowerPoint review
games chronologically follow the entire
learning experience. (6,000+ Slides)
Teaching Duration = 7+ Weeks.
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Copyright © 2011 Science from Murf LLC. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2011 Science from Murf LLC. All rights reserved.