Science from Murf .LLC
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This is a fantastic unit that covers many
important topics in Biology and health.  
The unit begins with a simple DNA
extraction lab, examines the structure of
DNA, builds a DNA model, explores
mitosis, focuses on cancer, and the
dangers of using tobacco products. The
second half of the unit explores meiosis,
genetics, and bio-ethics. This unit is a
student favorite and partners well with
my Cellular Biology Unit. Duration is
about 6 weeks, 3,600+ Slides.

Download Link Below
Areas of Focus within The DNA and Genetics Unit:
DNA, DNA Extraction, Structure of DNA, Transcription and Translation, Protein Synthesis, Discovery
of the Double Helix, Rosalind Franklin, Nucleotides, RNA, Cell Division, Mitosis, Phases of Mitosis,
Chromosomes, Cancer, Ways to Avoid Cancer, What's Inside a Cigarette?, Statistics about Smoking,
Anti-Smoking Ads, Meiosis, Phases in Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, Gregor Mendel, Punnett
Squares, Probability, Dihybrid Cross, Codominance, Bio-Ethics, Stem Cell Debate, Cloning Debate,
Artificial Life, and much more.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
MS.LS3.1 (Develop and use a model to describe why changes to genes affect proteins and may
result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to an organism)
•        Transcription, Translation, and Protein Synthesis are covered throughout.  See Cell Unit as
well. This standard is also described in the Cancer / Anti-tobacco portion, and again within Genetic
Disorders portion. Punnett Squares are also provided that describe Down Syndrome, Klinefelters,
and Turners Syndrome

MS.LS3.2 (Develop and use a model to describe difference between sexual and asexual
reproduction and how sexual reproduction results in genetic variation).
•        Students create a step by step diagram of sexual reproduction on the cellular level.  
Students also learn about asexual reproduction and explore several methods used in the animal
world.  More about asexual reproduction is covered in the Taxonomy and Classification Unit.  
Students also become familiar using Punnett squares.  Several of the Punnett square activities
have students

MS.LS3.1 (Develop and use a model to describe why structure changes to genes (mutations)
located on chromosomes may affect proteins and may result in harmful or beneficial effects to the
structure of and function of the organisms).  
•        Students learn about how factors such as smoking can create changes in DNA and lead to
cancers.  Students spend considerable time learning about transcription and translation.  This
standard is also covered in the evolution and natural selection unit with an emphasis on how
changes in genes within a population change the population over time.  

HS.LS1.4 (Use a model to illustrate the role of cellular division (mitosis) and differentiation in producing a complex organism).
•        Students learn the importance of mitosis in producing complex organisms. Visuals comparing unicellular to multicellular are shown.  The steps of mitosis go beyond
the boundary and students learn the steps in detail without the need for memorization.

HS.LS3.1 (Ask questions to clarify the relationships about the role of DNA and chromosomes in coding the instructions for characteristic traits passed from parents to
•        This standard is covered and reviewed throughout the entire unit.  Slides, visuals, video links, activities and more are provided.

HS.LS3.2 (Make and defend a claim based on evidence that inheritable and genetic variations may result from new genetic combinations through meiosis, or errors that
occurred during replication or mutations caused by the environment).
•        Students learn about DNA replication, transcription, and meiosis in detail.  Mutations are addressed in genetic disorders, and also in the cancer / anti-smoking
portion of the unit.  Many environment factors such as smoking, UV exposure, diet, and much are addressed as causing cancers.  Phases of meiosis are provided in detail.

HS.LS3.3 (Apply concepts of statistics and probability to explain the variation and distribution of expressed traits in population).
•        Students learn about basic genetics in detail.  Probability is discussed and students complete a number of activities that show how traits can change in a population.  
One my favorite examples of this standard is when students follow the PowerPoint to complete a series of Punnett squares to see how fur color changes after several
rounds of inbreeding mice.  This standard is addressed throughout.
Traditional standards addressed in the DNA and Genetics Unit
Below are just a few of the typical standards that this unit addresses for those that are interested.  This unit does cover many topics, standards, and concepts that are not
described below.

●Keep a journal record of observations, recognizing patterns, summarizing findings, and reflecting on the observations.

●Explain that cells repeatedly divide to make more cells for growth and repair.

●Explain that the same genetic information is copied in each cell of a new organism.

●Recognize similarities and individual differences among people, and that children closely resemble their parents.

●Explain that cells repeatedly divide to make more cells for growth and repair.

●Explain that the same genetic information is copied in each cell of a new organism.

●Differentiate between asexual and sexual reproduction, and explain that in some kinds of organisms, all the genes come from one parent, while in organisms requiring
two sexes to reproduce, typically half the genes come from each parent.

●Explain that in sexual reproduction, a single specialized cell from a female merges with a specialized cell from a male in a process called fertilization.

●Explain that the fertilized egg cell, carrying genetic information from each parent, multiplies to form the complete organism.

●Compare and contrast sexual reproduction with asexual reproduction.

●Using data provided, select evidence that supports the concept that genetic information is passed on from both parents to offspring.

●Recognize that hereditary information is contained in genes, which are located in the chromosomes of each cell; and explain that inherited traits can be determined by
either one or many genes, and that a single gene can influence more than one trait, such as eye and hair color.

●Differentiate between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells at the biochemical level, using cell wall composition, DNA structure, and other biochemical pathways.

●Compare the processes of mitosis and meiosis, including disruptions to the cycles, such as disease or cancer.

●Describe the chemical and structural properties of DNA and explain its role in identifying the characteristics of an organism.

●Explain the concepts of Mendelian genetics.

●Use pedigree charts and Punnett Squares to determine patterns of inheritance.

●Given a scenario, provide evidence that demonstrates how sexual reproduction results in a great variety of possible gene combinations and contributes to natural
selection (e.g., Darwin’s finches, isolation of a species, Tay Sach’s disease).
Organize observations and data into tables, charts and graphs.

●Organize observations and data into tables, charts and graphs.
The DNA and Genetics Unit covers most topics associated with DNA, RNA, Mitosis, Cancer,
Anti-Smoking, Meiosis, Reproduction, Genetics, and Bio-Ethics. This unit includes an interactive and
engaging five part PowerPoint Presentation of 3,600+ slides with built in class notes (Red Slides), lab
activities, project ideas, discussion questions, assessments (Quiz Wiz), and challenge questions with
answers.  Text is in large print (32 font) and is placed at the top of each slide so it can be read from all
angles of a classroom.  A shade technique and color coded text helps increase student focus, and
allows the teacher to control the pace of the lesson.  Also included is a 14 page  (doc.) bundled
homework / assessment that chronologically follows the PowerPoint slideshow, as well as a 8 page
modified assessment and 6 pages of flashcards.  13 pages of class notes (Word doc.) with images are
also included for students who require assistance, as well as answer keys to both of the assessments
for support professionals, teachers, and homeschool parents.  13+ video and academic links are
provided and a slide within the slideshow cues teacher / parent when the videos are most relevant to
play. Video shorts usually range from 2-7 minutes.  Three PowerPoint Review Games (120+ slides
each) are included.  Answers to the PowerPoint Review Game are provided in PowerPoint form so
students can self-assess.  Lastly, several other activities such as
crosswords, flashcards, guess the
hidden picture beneath the boxes, and the find the hidden owl somewhere within the slideshow are
provided. Difficulty rating of 9 (Ten is most difficult).  
Dear Valued Educator,

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Science from Murf .LLC
DNA and Genetics Unit (Instant Download) $34.99
Life Science Curriculum (10 Units of Study Instant Download) $124.99
Entire Science Curriculum (20 Units of Study) Instant Download $199.99
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